There are varieties of ways in which people can participate in the political processes of a society. The nine factors influencing political participation are as follows: The suggestibility of an individual decreases with an increase in his maturity and mental level.
The campaign and rally have their effects on polarizing party attachments and reinforcing candidate preferences. Most media entertainment and information does not vary much throughout the country, and it is consumed by all types of audiences.
Psychological or cognitive traits: Northerners listen to radio programs more than Southerners do. The state is a key source of information for media outlets, and has the ability to "inform, misinform, or disinform the press and thus the public", a strategy which may be referred to as propagandain order to serve a political or economic agenda.
On average, both young children and teenagers in the United States spend more time a week consuming television and digital media than they spend in school.
There are several external and internal conditions, which enhance suggestibility. There are four factors of this process of learning.
Older people read more newspapers than younger people, and people from the ages of twelve to seventeen although they consume the most media consume the least amount of news. Voting is the most frequent citizen activity, especially in modern democracies. Urbanization as the first stage of the modernization process tends to raise literacy; increased literacy tends to increase the media exposure; and increasing media exposure facilitates wider political participation.
They can take part in groups or organizational activity to deal with social and political problems. Such things become the object of his identification. The politically aware are usually better able to relate their social values to their political opinions, to achieve stable, internally consistent belief systems.
It is a term applied to various types of activities ranging from political orientations, attitude, knowledge, interest in politics, identification with a political unit political party or its any wing to taking active part in political action such as rally, demonstration, strike or campaigning for voting in elections.
It not only stimulates political learning but also makes citizens responsible. Thus, the toy with which he plays, the picture book, which he enjoys or looking and the mother who feeds him become the object of his identification. A brief description of these four factors is necessary. They are natural reaction of which he is not conscious.
Both the processes help in increasing the extent of political communication which leads to greater political awareness. More women than men watch daytime television, and more men than women follow sports programs.
It may be convoged through language, pictures or some similar medium. Thus, temperament, intellectual ability, ignorance, inhibition, dissociation, emotional excitement and fatigue are some of the internal conditions of suggestibility. The party inspires in its members a feeling of belongingness.
A majority of lower-class persons generally vote for the left parties while the majority of the upper and middle class persons vote for the rightist parties.
Suggestion is the process of communicating information, which has no logical or self-evident basis. These are imitation, suggestion, identification and language. Campaign activity also produces collective outcomes. It is the means of cultural transmission. Socialization as said above is the process of learning group norms, habits and ideals.
It is assumed that there is a relation between the cognitive status of low self-esteem and feeling of pessimism and alienation from society and political apathy.
Scholars such as Campbell note that political parties have very little direct influence on a child due to a contrast of social factors such as age, context, power, etc.
Factors Influencing Political Participation: Thus when the child attempts to walk impressively like his father swinging a stick and wearing spectacles he is imitating. Through it he learns many social behavior patterns.
This may be because eighty percent of the media content children consume is intended for an adult audience. The social environment definitely has an impact on political participation. It is devoid of rational persuasion. Such institutions include, but are not limited to: Political participation is a complex phenomenon.
It may be however necessary to keep in mind that there can be a difference in the suggestibility of children belonging to different society and also the same society. The more educated are better able to transmit their political interest and knowledge to their children and to the people of their neighbourhood.Factors (or agents) of political socialization are the things that influence your political ideas or values.
They're typically listed as: family, media, peers, education, religion, faith, race, gender, age and geography. Each of these has an influ.
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Socialization as said above is the process of learning group norms, habits and ideals. There are four factors of this process of learning. What are the factors responsible for the socialization process?
Imitation is the main factor in the process of socialization of the child. Through it he learns many social behavior patterns. The. Political socialization begins in childhood.
Some research suggests that family and school teachers are the most influential factors in socializing children, but recent research designs have more accurately estimated the high influence of the media in the process of political socialization.
- Definition, Factors, Process & Examples Through this lesson, you will learn how to define political socialization, and gain insight into the major factors that work together to influence the political beliefs and opinions that we develop over the course of our lives.
The nine factors influencing political participation are as follows: 1. Psychological or cognitive traits 2. Social environment 3. Political environment 4. Level of modernization and urbanization 5. Political socialization 6. Modes of participation 7.
Voting 8. Campaign activities 9. Co-operative.Download