As cold and snow slowed combat in the countryside, the Taliban shifted operations to the cities, with five massive bombings in Kabul and other key urban areas in the first week of January, followed by a suicide attack on a police complex in the capital that killed 20 officers.
Mainstream media tend to focus on the ways the Taliban profit from the drug trade. Yet few are aware of the deadly nexus between the illicit drug trade and terrorism in Pakistan.
Even so, the U. There has been much discussion of the Afghan Taliban using the drug trade as a source of funding. In Mayhaving watched this flood of drugs enter the global market as U. Despite his widely-known background as a drug lord and even after murdering Abdul Rehman Dashti, a prominent public servant, law enforcement has done nothing to stop him.
While cannabis was listed as the most commonly used drug in Pakistan, opiates including opium and heroin were a close second. I fear there may be a more sinister explanation for why the bottom has not fallen out of the opium market: Several factors encourage opium production, the greatest being economic: Within a month, the Taliban unleashed offensives countrywide that were aimed at seizing and holding territory.
For the first few years of the U. Special Operations forces and the U. Hence major research on eradication programs now advise to maintain them only in areas where legal economy dominates and where institutions are strong.
Right after the collapse of the Taliban regime following the US-led war, farmers started again to cultivate opium. A Reuters Special Report explains the narco-terror nexus further: As that war wound down between andthe Washington-led alliance essentially abandoned the country, failing either to sponsor a peace settlement or finance reconstruction.
In Helmand province, both Taliban rebels and provincial officials are locked in a struggle for control of the lucrative drug traffic. It cannot overlook its drug criminals despite the many connections they may have to the government. In the meantime, the CIA also turned to a group of rising Pashtun warlords who had been active as drug smugglers in the southeastern part of the country.
The Afghan government has ruled out licit cultivation as a means of tackling the illegal drug trade: While legitimate economic sector has been destroyed by the long-lasting conflict, the illicit sector has developed to unprecedented levels. That should be an added incentive to sell.
Opium cultivation on this scale is not traditional, and in the area controlled by the Helmand Valley Authority in the s the crop was largely suppressed.
Safety needs, according to Maslow, come second.
Center for Research on Globalization: Download this essay PDF Introduction As heroin consumption recently increased around the globe, newspapers reported a similar rise in opium cultivation in Afghanistan, which produces around 90 percent of the heroin consumed worldwide.
While Pakistan has considerably developed and improved its international counter-narcotics cooperation through the commendable efforts of the ANF, it cannot escape the fact that it is in a geographically vulnerable position — next to Afghanistan.
Intercepted Taliban communications suggested they thought the British were trying to help them. To satisfy these needs, farmers were therefore dependent on the Taliban, on warlords or government officials protecting them so that they could take advantage of the drug trade in exchange.
As snow melts from the mountain slopes and poppy shoots spring from the soil, there will be, as in the past 40 years, a new crop of teenaged recruits ready to fight for the rebel forces.
In the summer ofTaliban leader Mullah Mohammad Omar announced a total ban on the cultivation of opium poppy, the plant from which heroin is made. It has succeeded in what our international aid efforts urge every developing country to do.
Also, there has been a shift from the level of co-operation, trust, and reciprocity within villages to a move of self-interest, all of which have been adversely affected by the war.
The drug trade accounted for most of its tax revenues, almost all its export income, and much of its employment.
Pakistan has more than four million drug addicts in its population of more than million, according to figures compiled by the Anti-Narotics Force, responsible for arrests, investigations and prosecutions of drug offences.
Treasury also formed the Afghan Threat Finance Cell and embedded 60 of its analysts in combat units charged with launching strategic strikes against the drug trade.
For the foreseeable future, opium will likely remain entangled in the rural economy, the Taliban insurgency, and government corruption whose sum is the Afghan conundrum. The fight against opium cultivation needs to happen on many fronts including through enhancing democratic participation, improving access to justice, increasing security, and restoring human dignity through, amongst others, reconnecting to religion.
Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Khan has consistently recognized the link between drugs and terrorism in Pakistan and has stressed the need to eliminate drug-funded terrorism from the country.
Wealth distribution, for example, has changed significantly as the opium economy has created a "new rich" in which young men have control. Intelligence reports delivered right to your inbox Analysis from our global network of experts Forecasting, graphs and mapping.
As government officials, warlords and the Taliban are involved the drug trade, its profits in turn fuel the conflict. In Octoberthe U. Three months later, the Taliban sent a delegation headed by its deputy foreign minister, Abdur Rahman Zahidto U.With its increasing focus on trafficking drugs, home to an estimated 80% of Afghanistan's opium poppies, is a "big drug factory," a or in neighbouring Iran or Pakistan." (Drug addiction.
abuse of opium/heroin, cannabis and synthetic drugs in Pakistan. Following that, the report considers the major trafficking patterns (for drugs and precursor chemicals) and. And perhaps worse, the Afghan Taliban has become a “drug mafia,” using opium and heroin production to finance their operation.
Yet few are aware of the deadly nexus between the illicit drug trade and terrorism in Pakistan. Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif highlighted this dangerous nexus just last week and vowed to. Pakistan: The Most Heroin-Addicted Country in the World “Pakistan’s illegal drug trade is believed to While cannabis was listed as the most commonly used drug in Pakistan, opiates.
As per UN drug report ofIran accounts for highest rate of opium and heroin seizure rates in the world, intercepting 89% of all seized opium in the world.
Within a span of thirty years, Iranian police officers have been killed and tens of thousands more injured in counter narcotics operations mostly on Afghan and Pakistan borders. That’s right: The War in Afghanistan saw the country’s practically dead opium industry expanded dramatically.
ByAfghanistan was producing twice as much opium as it did in ByAfghanistan was the source of.Download